Spheres of the Tetrahedron

In the Moldatu animation (see below), results are shown about measurements of the tetrahedral shape, in particular, the ‘endosphere‘, a sphere located in the central space of the tetrahedron, and the ‘exosphere‘, the sphere containing all four ‘mesospheres’ which make up the tetrahedron itself:


The main result is that the volume of the exosphere is equal to the volume of the central endosphere, plus the equivalent of 11 of the mesospheres. Since the tetrahedron itself is formed from 4 mesospheres, this leaves the remainder of the exosphere as consisting of the equivalent of 7 mesospheres.

Here is the document showing the proof of these measurements.


The Moldatu animation:



Creating the Dymaxion

Here is a PDF file with some notes on creating the dymaxion. It’s an attempt to relate some of the Sareoso diagrams with one of the animations.  It’s definitely a work in progress, and I hope it will be developed further. Comments are welcome.

Creating the Dymaxion

This is the animation I’m talking about:



Dymaxion and Zodiac

In a previous post I published some notes on the dymaxion. This is a bit extra, about relationships between the dymaxion and the astrological zodiac.

The dymaxion is a shape made from 12 spheres surrounding a central (13th) one. Interpreting the 12 spheres as the 12 signs of the zodiac seems a possibility, but the signs of the zodiac have relationships to each other. They are grouped into elements (fire, air, water and earth) and qualities (cardinal, mutable and fixed), so each sign belongs to one element and one quality. For example Aries is cardinal fire. There are four cardinal signs and three fire signs, spread evenly around the zodiac.


The surface of a dymaxion has triangles and squares so it seems reasonable that these groupings of threes and fours should be mirrored.

One way in which the relationships can be represented on the dymaxion is to make each of the four triangular groupings represent a single element, containing a cardinal, mutable and fixed sign. In this picture I’ve coloured the qualities as red, green and blue, so here you are looking at a triangle representing the three signs of one element (perhaps the fire signs: Aries, Leo and Sagittarius).


The way each triangle is coloured should allow the groups of four to also be seen. By turning the dymaxion to look at a square side we can see the layout – here a square of blue spheres (representing perhaps the fixed signs).


There may well be other possible arrangements of the zodiacal relationships on the dymaxion, but this seems to be one possibility. It’s also worth remembering the close relationship between the dodecahedron and the dymaxion. Putting signs of the zodiac on to the dodecahedron goes back to Plato in ancient Greece, but it’s not clear how they were arranged. The relationships of threes and fours are not at all obvious on the dodecahedron, so perhaps we can use the dymaxion to understand this.





Dymaxion Notes

Here is a PDF file with some notes on the dymaxion resulting from a recent discussion. It’s definitely a work in progress, and I hope it will be developed further. Comments are welcome.

Dymaxion Notes

The dymaxion appears in the moldatu animation:


A document from the Sareoso library about rules of conduct, the way possibilities of conduct form in people, and how this can be represented by geometric shapes such as the dymaxion and docedahedron.